Vietnamese workers in the context of revolution 4.0: Many disadvantages

The 4.0 technology revolution leads to high demands on technology innovation, which also means that businesses will have a high demand for high-tech labor. However, the majority of Vietnamese laborers are cheap laborers, so enterprises will find it difficult to improve their technology.

Be proactive in change

Regarding the labor market, Ms. Tran Thi Lan Anh, Deputy Secretary General of Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VCCI) – Director of the Bureau of Laborers, said that in Vietnam, a number of policies have been issued to enhance the access to industrial revolution 4.0.

However, Vietnam currently has no basis for a specific view, as well as evaluating the industrial revolution 4.0. All that people know about this revolution is based on the advantages of the internet infrastructure, and telecommunications of the country.

In fact, Vietnam is lacking the necessary facilities to use and train workers in the 4.0 technology revolution. Up to 90% of Vietnamese enterprises are small and medium enterprises in the fields of processing and assembling, mainly at low level.

Many Vietnamese businesses are still in the 2.0 technology phase, some are between 2.0 and 3.0. 95% of Vietnamese businesses use the internet, but 60% of them find it difficult to use the internet for their activities.

Today’s Vietnamese businesses are not capable of digitizing, applying large data into analysis, design, deep chain into value chains. In addition, ordinary labor will find it difficult to adapt to the 4.0 revolution. Thus, Vietnamese workers will be disadvantaged with the 4.0 revolution if there is no innovation linking technology and human resources to adapt to high technology jobs.

Coming back to the story of low level, in competitions about math, physics, chemistry in the world, students in Vietnam are not inferior to other students in terms of knowledge, but in the use of knowledge in work and adaptation to the working environment, Vietnam is very inferior. This is also a major disadvantage of Vietnamese labor because Vietnamese laborers are so dependent on books that lack practicality.

According to Mr. Pham Duc Thang, representative of the General Department of Vocational Education, training of laborers in vocational schools is always challenging not only in the technological revolution. Accordingly, schools can not provide the modern machinery that businesses are using. Therefore, it is necessary to cooperate between the schools and enterprises to train the trainees. On the other hand, employers must also have clear requirements regarding the quality of their work.

Leapfrog

According to Mr. Truong Van Cam, Vice President and Secretary General of the Vietnam Textile and Apparel Association, the 4.0 revolution is a process of merging new technologies into production rather than completely replacing people with automation machines.

Using robots, factories will reduce the amount of hard labor, so it is necessary to train workers to use robots. Particularly for the textile and garment industry, industrial sewing machines are not fully replaceable by workers and that is still the advantage of Vietnam. However, self-employment also needs to be active in receiving new knowledge to better suit the job.

Dr. Le Anh Vinh from the Vietnam Academy of Science, the Ministry of Education and Training, said that by 2030, most countries in the world will be facing skilled labor shortages. Future workforce needs to incorporate a variety of elements: multimedia communication, social responsibility, interdisciplinary, artificial intelligence and electronic machinery, international connectivity, and sustainable development.

Under this new requirement, Vietnam should prioritize investment in improving the quality of education to improve the capacity for labor, in which training should focus on helping children to love and learn, communicate and collaborate, handle complex issues, and have open minds.

Source: Custom-news

The Impacts of Vietnamese Workers Abroad​ (Part 2)

Negative impact

Firstly, reducing net factor income (NX) in gross national income (GNI).
Foreign workers who come to Vietnam to work have income and are transferred to the remainder of their income. It is this that reduces the net income of the national income; The result is a reduction in total national income.

Secondly, the introduction of foreign lifestyles and cultures is inconsistent with the traditions and customs of the Vietnamese people, distorting traditional ethical and cultural norms.
Foreign workers who enter Vietnam work, they bring the culture of their nation and their country. Along with civilized and modern elements; At the same time, they also bring a harmful lifestyle and culture that is inconsistent with the customs, customs and cultural identity of the Vietnamese people.

Reasonable choice for sustainable development
Thus, the international labor movement in Vietnam has both positive and negative impacts on socio-economic development. With its role, the State needs to make reasonable choices by specific policies in order to make the most of the positive impact, minimizing the unwanted impact. Therefore, policies should follow the following two basic principles:

The principle of “shocking” or the choice of two sharp points
The basic content of this principle is the labor market segment and the selection of labor groups at the two poles to bring abroad to work with different objectives. Accordingly, the labor market in Vietnam has three main sections: highly qualified labor, average qualified labor, and simple labor.
For the group of highly qualified workers, have the ability to access and collect new technologies to work in high-tech places with the aim of both earning high income for employees and implementing principles “3I”
For unskilled workers, especially agricultural workers, they must accept to work in industries that indigenous workers do not do; aiming at two objectives: to create jobs with reasonable income, to move labor away from labor-intensive production areas, to quickly bring advanced and modern production technologies to use less labor into production, creating high social labor productivity.

The principle of “traction” or motivation choice
The basic content of this principle is to select a number of professions that, if undertaken by foreign workers, it creates a boost for the economy such as the oil refining industry, information technology, etc. or some managerial positions such as general director, executive director of a number of state-owned economic groups and corporations.
International labor migration in Vietnam has a strong impact on economic growth and development in Vietnam; At the same time, it also impacts negatively on the cultural and spiritual life of society. Therefore, the issue of selecting and determining the target of international labor migration in accordance with each period is of utmost concern.

The Impacts of Vietnamese Workers Abroad​ (Part 1)

As a member of the WTO, Vietnam must open up the labor market, so foreign workers entering Vietnam are free. Foreign workers who come to Vietnam to work both have an impact on development and have a negative impact.

Promote economic development
Firstly, providing high-quality human resources to contribute to improving social labor productivity, promoting rapid economic growth.

As a developing country, Vietnam is facing the fact that there is a shortage of highly qualified human resources in some national economic sectors. Especially the group of technicians in a number of technical and economic sectors, and senior administrators at the enterprise level as well as the sector with a serious shortage.

Vietnam became an official member of WTO to create conditions for foreign workers to work in Vietnam to help offset the shortage mentioned above. On the other hand, high-quality human resources contribute to increasing social labor productivity and thus promoting a high level of economic growth.

Secondly, create human resources to meet the needs of foreign investors in Vietnam.
Foreign investors, together with bringing high capital and technology into Vietnam, have demand for labor with corresponding qualifications. As a WTO member, high-level human resources from abroad who are free to work will create favorable conditions for foreign investors in recruiting highly qualified workers. This is also creating a favorable environment to attract foreign investment to promote economic growth.

Thirdly, create a competitive environment between Vietnamese workers and foreign workers.
In the context of the newly formed labor market, foreign workers coming to Vietnam to work will create labor supply for the market. This has motivated competitive labor in the market to contribute to improving labor quality. Through competition, employees have to improve their qualifications, professional skills and foreign languages ​​themselves. The result is to improve the quality of human resources.

Fourth, contributing to on-the-job manpower training under osmosis interaction.
When foreign workers work with Vietnamese workers, through daily contact, Vietnamese workers can learn directly about foreign languages, styles, techniques, and techniques to improve themselves and raise their level.

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