The Impacts of Vietnamese Workers Abroad​ (Part 1)

As a member of the WTO, Vietnam must open up the labor market, so foreign workers entering Vietnam are free. Foreign workers who come to Vietnam to work both have an impact on development and have a negative impact.

Promote economic development
Firstly, providing high-quality human resources to contribute to improving social labor productivity, promoting rapid economic growth.

As a developing country, Vietnam is facing the fact that there is a shortage of highly qualified human resources in some national economic sectors. Especially the group of technicians in a number of technical and economic sectors, and senior administrators at the enterprise level as well as the sector with a serious shortage.

Vietnam became an official member of WTO to create conditions for foreign workers to work in Vietnam to help offset the shortage mentioned above. On the other hand, high-quality human resources contribute to increasing social labor productivity and thus promoting a high level of economic growth.

Secondly, create human resources to meet the needs of foreign investors in Vietnam.
Foreign investors, together with bringing high capital and technology into Vietnam, have demand for labor with corresponding qualifications. As a WTO member, high-level human resources from abroad who are free to work will create favorable conditions for foreign investors in recruiting highly qualified workers. This is also creating a favorable environment to attract foreign investment to promote economic growth.

Thirdly, create a competitive environment between Vietnamese workers and foreign workers.
In the context of the newly formed labor market, foreign workers coming to Vietnam to work will create labor supply for the market. This has motivated competitive labor in the market to contribute to improving labor quality. Through competition, employees have to improve their qualifications, professional skills and foreign languages ​​themselves. The result is to improve the quality of human resources.

Fourth, contributing to on-the-job manpower training under osmosis interaction.
When foreign workers work with Vietnamese workers, through daily contact, Vietnamese workers can learn directly about foreign languages, styles, techniques, and techniques to improve themselves and raise their level.

The impact of moving Vietnamese workers to work in abroad (Section 3)

Negative impact or trade-off

Moving Vietnamese workers to work abroad has an impact on economic growth and development as stated. However, if we consider its impact on each target group, we can easily see some unexpected effects:

Firstly, women who go to work abroad do not implement the familial care role.
According to Eastern tradition, Vietnamese women have an extremely important position of being a wife, mother, and family. Most women go to work abroad from the age of 20 – 45, this is the time when women have a high demand to carry out their vocation, on the other hand, families and husbands and children also crave hard work. squirrel, parenting of women.

In fact, most families with wives working abroad, their children often show a lack of maternal love, their husbands also exhibit the unbalanced state of mind and birth. physical. Many families when the wife goes to work abroad, the husband at home goes to adultery or consumes luxuriously the money sent by his wife, or goes to other social evils.

Thus, the woman who goes to work abroad is a trade-off between the income of the wife and the mother in life, and she and her family have the highest demand for such a vocation.

Secondly, workers who go to work abroad are mentally vulnerable due to discrimination.
Countries in the world have immigration laws, residency laws, and labor laws that protect the rights of their citizens. Therefore, foreign workers do not enjoy the same rights as citizens of the host country. This situation makes workers self-sufficient, self-contained, easy to cause stress.
Workers themselves, due to their limited foreign language skills, should have difficulties in understanding and observing laws in the host countries. They are easy to violate the laws of the host country and do not know how to apply local laws to protect their legal rights and interests.

The impact of moving Vietnamese workers abroad to work (Section 2)

In the short term, moving workers to work abroad will be one of the roads, which has created jobs for unemployed laborers, and created conditions for enterprises to invest in depth and improve their edge, paintings in the integration period.

In the long term, the level of workers going abroad to work is enhanced by training and retraining during their time abroad. It is the workers working abroad who will be the driving force of the process of economic restructuring because this is a source of high-quality labor, meeting the needs of investors in depth.

Fifthly, moving workers to work abroad contributes directly to improving the quality of human resources.

Characteristics of labor are creative. Workers with basic knowledge and foreign language skills, if they are able to work in a modern industrial environment, technical and advanced technology, skills and professional skills are increasingly improved. Under the impact of technology, the process of labor, at the same time is also the process of workers training themselves. After a period of working abroad, the level of skill, discipline, modern working style, and foreign language skills are greatly improved.
In fact, a large number of workers are farmers, after returning to work abroad, they become modern workers. Most workers go to work at Eastern EU, Eastern European and Japanese, Korean, Taiwanese … are now highly qualified workers in factories and enterprises.

Sixthly, moving laborers to work abroad to contribute quickly to bringing new technical and technological advances to production, accelerating the industrialization and modernization according to the principle of “3I” (Imitation – Getting, Initiative – Innovation, – Innovation – Creation).
In the process of working, workers directly use modern technology and technology to produce goods and services. According to the law of awareness, workers from imitation to follow, then improvement and ultimately creativity.

Experience in Japan, South Korea, India, and Israel shows that workers who go to work abroad, after returning home, bring their accumulated knowledge into the production and business process of them. It is this labor force that has contributed to accelerating the process of bringing new technologies into production, business, and management. This contributes to promoting economic growth towards the use of advanced science and technology.

Seventhly, moving laborers to work abroad contributes to enhancing investment and expanding Vietnam’s market of goods and services in the world market.
As a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), Vietnamese businesses have a tremendous opportunity to invest and export goods and services to member countries. Accordingly, the labor movement according to WTO rules is made easy.

Freedom of moving Vietnamese workers to member countries is an important condition to help investors choose the optimal labor use plan for production and business activities. On the other hand, Vietnamese workers working abroad also contribute to promoting Vietnamese goods and services with consumers of the host countries.